Buddha, clan name Gautama or (Pali) Gotama, personal name (Sanskrit) Siddhartha or (Pali) Siddhattha, (born c. 6th–4th century BCE, Lumbini, near Kapilavastu, Shakya republic, Kosala kingdom died, Kusinara, Malla republic, Magadha kingdom
He was born in Lumbini in 563 BC in the house of King Shuddhodhana of the Ikshvaku dynasty Kshatriya Shakya clan. His mother’s name was Mahamaya who belonged to the Koliya dynasty and died seven days after his birth. At the age of 29, Siddhartha left his only firstborn child, Rahul, and wife Yashodhara, after marriage and stayed in the night in search of true divine knowledge and the way to free the world from old age, death, sorrows.
He tried to know the truth, They used to know what a Sasai was. Why do humans live, what is salvation. What is Dibya Distri, and what is the meaning of taking birth as a human, After this, he renounced the world and left home for salvation., After many years of sadhana, he got the realization of the truth. After years of hard practice, he attained enlightenment under the Bodhi tree in Bodh Gaya (Bihar) and became Lord Buddha from Siddhartha Gautama.
Buddha had made a great resolution in life by sleeping his happiness. He was proficient in both education and weapons. No one could compete with him in the royal family. He was married at the age of 16. But with age, his mental development took place and he set out for salvation. His journey was not that easy, but he crossed it all with ease. And now he is known as Mahatma Buddha.
Buddha’s first guru was Alar Kalam, from whom he received education during his sannyasa period. At the age of 35, Siddhartha was meditating under a Peepal tree on the day of Vaishakhi Purnima.To fulfill her vow from a Peepal tree for her son, she reached a golden plate filled with a pudding of cow’s milk. Siddhartha was sitting there meditating. The Peepal tree under which Siddhartha attained enlightenment was called the Bodhi tree and the place near Gaya was Bodh Gaya. dharma-chakra-turning Till the age of 80, he continued to propagate his religion in Pali, the simple language of the time, instead of Sanskrit.
The popularity of his straightforward religion began to grow rapidly.On the full moon day of Ashadh, he reached Mrigdav (present-day Sarnath) near Kashi. There he first preached and made the first five friends his followers and then sent them to preach the religion.
Lord Buddha preached the middle path to the people. He suggested the eightfold path for suffering, its causes and redress. He has laid great emphasis on non-violence. He condemned Yagya and animal sacrifice. of Buddha The gist of the teachings is as follows –
1/Mahatma Buddha propagated some concepts of Sanatan Dharam, such as Agnihotra and Gayatri Mantra
2/meditation and insight
3/follow the middle path
4/four noble truths
5/Ashtanga PathVarious Buddhist texts attribute to the Buddha a series of extraordinary physical characteristics, known as “the 32 Signs of the Great Man” (Skt. mahāpuruṣa lakṣaṇa).
According to the Mahaparinirvana Sutta of the Pali doctrine, at the age of 80, the Buddha announced that he would soon leave for Parinirvana. The Buddha took his last meal, which he had received from a blacksmith named Kunda, as a result of which he fell seriously ill. The Buddha instructed his disciple Ananda to explain to Kunda that he had done no wrong. He said this food is incredible.
His sons will be immortal forever. For every religion, his knowledge will act as a teacher. We should listen to their words and give them value in our life. with which we can live such a life So let us listen and understand what the great man’s teachings
1)However many holy words you read, however many you speak, what good will they do you if you do not act on upon them?
2)There is nothing more dreadful than the habit of doubt. Doubt separates people. It is a poison that disintegrates friendships and breaks up pleasant relations. It is a thorn that irritates and hurts; it is a sword that kills.
3)No one saves us but ourselves. No one can and no one may. We ourselves must walk the path.
4)All that we are is the result of what we have thought: it is founded on our thoughts and made up of our thoughts. If a man speaks or act with an evil thought, suffering follows him as the wheel follows the hoof of the beast that draws the wagon… If a man speaks or act with a good thought, happiness follows him like a shadow that never leaves him.
5)Peace comes from within. Do not seek it without.
6)Learn this from water: loud splashes the brook but the ocean’s depth are calm.”
7)It is better to conquer yourself than to win a thousand battles. Then the victory is yours. It cannot be taken from you
8)Your work is to discover your work and then with all your heart to give yourself to it.”
9)“To abstain from lying is essentially wholesome.”
10)“Avoid evil deeds as a man who loves life avoids poison.”
11)Even as a solid rock is unshaken by the wind, so are the wise unshaken by praise or blame.”
12)“Nothing ever exists entirely alone; everything is in relation to everything else.”
13)“Nothing is permanent.”
14)“A jug fills drop by drop.”
15)The whole secret of existence is to have no fear. Never fear what will become of you, depend on no one. Only the moment you reject all help are you freed.”
16)“Set your heart on doing good. Do it over and over again and you will be filled with joy.”
17)The secret of health for both mind and body is not to mourn for the past, nor to worry about the future, but to live the present moment wisely and earnestly.
18)In the end these things matter most: How well did you love? How fully did you live? How deeply did you let go?
19)No one saves us but ourselves. No one can and no one may. We ourselves must walk the path.
20)Your purpose in life is to find your purpose and give your whole heart and soul to it
21)Pain is certain, suffering is optional.
22)Whatever a monk keeps pursuing with his thinking and pondering, that becomes the inclination of his awareness.
23)Conquer anger with non-anger. Conquer badness with goodness. Conquer meanness with generosity. Conquer dishonesty with truth.”
24)“Those who cling to perceptions and views wander the world offending people.”
25)“Drop by drop is the water pot filled. Likewise, the wise man, gathering it little by little, fills himself with good.”
26)“I will not look at another’s bowl intent on finding fault: a training to be observed.”
27)To support mother and father, to cherish wife and children, and to be engaged in peaceful occupation — this is the greatest blessing.”
28)“All tremble at violence; all fear death. Putting oneself in the place of another, one should not kill nor cause another to kill.”
29) They blame those who remain silent, they blame those who speak much, they blame those who speak in moderation. There is none in the world who is not blamed.”
30)The past is already gone, the future is not yet here. There’s only one moment for you to live.
31)Believe nothing, no matter where you read it, or who said it, no matter if I have said it, unless it agrees with your own reason and your own common sense.
32)Holding onto anger is like drinking poison and expecting the other person to die.
33)If a man’s thoughts are muddy, If he is reckless and full of deceit, How can he wear the yellow robe? Whoever is master of his own nature, Bright, clear, and true, He may indeed wear the yellow robe.
34)There has to be evil so that good can prove its purity above it.
35)However many holy words you read, However many you speak, What good will they do you If you do not act on upon them?
36)All wrong-doing arises because of the mind. If the mind is transformed can wrong-doing remain?
37)It is a man’s own mind, not his enemy or foe, that lures him to evil ways
38)People with opinions just go around bothering one another.
39)Speak or act with an impure mind and trouble will follow you.
40)There is nothing more dreadful than the habit of doubt. Doubt separates people. It is a poison that disintegrates friendships and breaks up pleasant relations. It is a thorn that irritates and hurts; it is a sword that kills.